ProZ.com frequently asked questions


Terminology/term help

Main

  • 1 - Terminology/term help


  • 2 - KudoZ


    You may also be interested in:

  • a brief introduction to KudoZ

  • your KudoZ dashboard-- managing your notifications for KudoZ

  • how KudoZ PRO points can boost your directory ranking

  • the new Glossary-building KudoZ (GBK)



  • 2.1 - KudoZ: general

  • 1.1 - Wat is KudoZ?

    KudoZ is een netwerk voor hulp bij het vinden van termen. Via KudoZ kunnen gebruikers van ProZ.com elkaar en gastgebruikers gratis helpen bij het vertalen van moeilijke termen. Bekijk onze Flash-introductie voor meer informatie.


  • 1.2 - Glossary of KudoZ terms


    Question: The request for help posted by the asker, including at least a language pair, a field of expertise, a term and context information.

    Action buttons: Buttons located below the question that offer users access to several areas described below. The buttons are:




    Answer: Reply in the target language to the asked term, including at least the translation of the term, an explanation and the answerer's confidence level.

    Reference comment: This area is accessed with the "Post reference" button and should be used to provide information which is not in itself an answer, but which may be helpful to either the asker or other answerers. The information submitted in this way will not be subject to consideration as "best" or "most helpful", and points will not be received.

    Discussion area: This area is accessed with the "Post discussion" button and should be used for requests and additional exchanges of context information and for linguistic discussions on the question. This area should not be used to comment on answers (see rule 3.4 ) or on participants see rule 3.7). In GBK it also allows participation of users who do not meet the criteria to answer.

    Grading: The process by which the asker reviews the suggestions and awards points to the answerer who provided the translation deemed by the asker to be the most useful.

    Peer comment: A comment made by a site user concerning his agreement or disagreement with a translation suggested by a peer. Peer comments must be based on linguistic considerations and said considerations must be provided in case of disagree or neutral comments. This is the only valid way to comment on a KudoZ answer.

    Asker: A person in need of translation assistance who posts a term or phrase, providing context and the desired target language.

    Answerer: A site user who provides an answer to a KudoZ question.

    Reference poster: A site user who provides a reference comment.

    KudoZ editors: Non-moderator site users who have been given the right to perform some editing functions on KudoZ questions.



  • 1.3 - Hoe werkt het?

    Een KudoZ-"transactie" bestaat uit drie stappen.
    (1) Een persoon die hulp nodig heeft bij een vertaling voert een term of korte zin in met context en de gewenste doeltaal.
    (2) Een gebruiker van de site geeft een suggestie voor een vertaling met uitleg en eventuele verwijzingen.
    (3) De vrager beoordeelt de suggesties en kent 1 tot 4 punten toe aan de gebruiker die de beste of nauwkeurigste vertaling gegeven heeft.


  • 1.4 - Wat is het nut van KudoZ-punten?

    Sommige klanten gebruiken KudoZ-punten om een vertaler te selecteren voor verdere kwalificatie. De logica hierachter is dat een persoon die 300 punten verdiend heeft met het beantwoorden van medische vragen een goed begin kan zijn bij het zoeken voor iemand die een vertaler nodig heeft die verstand heeft van geneeskunde.


  • 1.5 - ANTWOORDEN: Hoe worden KudoZ-punten bijgewerkt?

    De KudoZ-puntentotalen die op sommige plaatsen op de site getoond worden, worden één keer per dag bijgewerkt, terwijl ze op andere plaatsen direct bijgewerkt worden. Het is dus mogelijk dat er tijdelijk verschillen zijn, maar dit wordt gecorrigeerd als alle punten één keer per dag geteld worden.

    Leden kunnen het systeem opdracht geven hun puntentotaal onmiddellijk bij te werken. Ga naar uw KudoZ-puntenpagina en klik op "Werk mijn puntentotaal nu bij".


  • 1.6 - Do I earn any KudoZ points by answering KudoZ questions?

    No. KudoZ points are only earned if one of your answer to any KudoZ question is selected by the asker or automatically by the system based on peer agreement.


  • 1.7 - Wat zijn de regels voor deelname aan KudoZ?

    Zie de KudoZ-regels: Algemene regels, Regels voor het stellen van vragen en Regels voor antwoorden en commentaar aan collega's


  • 1.8 - Can friends, family members or close associates participate in my KudoZ questions or answers?

    Participation in KudoZ questions, particularly using the peer comment system to "boost" an answer, or in asking and answering to gain KudoZ points, should not be carried out among the profiles of friends, family or close associates, in order to maintain a certain level of transparency in the KudoZ arena. In cases where interacting profiles are shown to be of this type, a mutual block may be applied to the profiles (this blocks the interaction between specific profiles only, not participation in KudoZ at large) to ensure fairness.

    See also general site rule 2 for more on why this policy may be enforced.

    Access to networking features, which potentially affect other members, may be modified or revoked at the discretion of the ProZ.com team. In particular, KudoZ interaction between profiles may be blocked at the discretion of site staff at any time as a safeguard to preserve the positive, results-oriented atmosphere of KudoZ.


  • 1.9 - ANTWOORDEN: Wat moet ik doen als de KudoZ-regels overtreden worden?

    U kunt degene die de regels overtreedt, wijzen op de KudoZ-regels of de kwestie voorleggen aan de moderator die verantwoordelijk is voor de betreffende talencombinatie. Een lijst van moderators vindt u hier.

    Als u contact opneemt met een moderator om een overtreding van de KudoZ-regels door te geven, geef dan alle relevante informatie door, inclusief koppelingen naar de desbetreffende vragen enz.


  • 1.10 - Wat is de logica achter de KudoZ-categorieën?

    KudoZ-vragen kunnen ondergebracht worden in ongeveer 100 verschillende categorieën die uit een lijst kunnen gekozen worden. Deze lijst, die statistisch samengesteld is uit onderwerpen die als vrije tekst door ProZ.com-gebruikers ingevuld werden, is met opzet niet al te specifiek. Omdat bijvoorbeeld de ene gebruiker denkt aan "textiel" en de andere aan "kleding", werden beide categorienamen in de lijst opgenomen.

    Alhoewel dit soort "dubbele" categorieën apart in de lijst met categorieën getoond wordt, worden ze op dezelfde manier in de gegevensbank ingevoerd. Het maakt dus niets uit welke u selecteert--kies gewoon de eerste categorie die past bij uw term.

    Een tip: in de meeste browsers kunt u, zodra de cursor in de lijst staat, eenvoudig de eerste letter intypen van de categorie die u in gedachten hebt ("k" voor "kleding") tot u bij de gewenste categorie bent.


  • 1.11 - Wat gebeurt er als een vraag niet beoordeeld wordt?

    Als een vraag beantwoord werd, maar niet binnen drie dagen gesloten werd, wordt er een e-mail gestuurd naar de vrager om hem of haar eraan te herinneren dat de vraag beoordeeld moet worden. Als de vraag nog steeds open is nadat vier van deze herinneringen verstuurd werden (over een periode van 2 weken), dan wordt geprobeerd automatisch het beste antwoord te selecteren. Een "robot voor automatische beoordeling" maakt een selectie op basis van het nettoaantal "eens" van collega's bij elk antwoord, waarbij de volgende regels gelden.
    - Een antwoord moet ten minste twee "netto eens" (eens-niet eens) hebben om in aanmerking te komen.
    - Het antwoord met het hoogste aantal "netto eens" wordt geselecteerd. Als twee antwoorden hetzelfde aantal "netto eens" hebben, dan wordt het antwoord geselecteerd dat het laatst gegeven werd. (Het idee hierachter is dat als twee antwoorden hetzelfde aantal "netto eens" hebben, het antwoord dat deze in de kortste tijd verzameld heeft waarschijnlijk het beste is.)

    Als geen enkel antwoord ten minste twee "netto eens" heeft, blijft de vraag open.


  • 1.12 - Are askers able to close a question without awarding points?

    Yes. An asker may choose to do this when s/he has asked a question in error (misspelled term, etc.), when no answer was deemed helpful, when a better term was found elsewhere (and no answer was deemed helpful), or in other cases.


  • 1.13 - How often do askers close questions without awarding points?

    Less than 5% of the time.


  • 1.14 - Waar kan ik een lijst vinden van mijn vorige vragen en antwoorden?

    Ga naar uw profielpagina en klik op de KudoZ-tab.


  • 1.15 - Can I see questions in language pairs not reported in my profile?

    Yes. You can see KudoZ questions in all language pairs by clicking on See more languages in the KudoZ questions page.


  • 1.16 - Onder welke voorwaarden wordt een KudoZ-vraag verwijderd?

    Er zijn ongeveer tien mogelijke redenen waarom een KudoZ-vraag verwijderd kan worden. Zie voor een overzicht van deze redenen: In dit artikel wordt dit in meer detail beschreven.


  • 1.17 - What information can I see about a KudoZ asker?

    If you move your mouse over the asker's picture in a KudoZ question you will see a mouse-over message similar to the one pictured below:



    The following definitions apply:

    * Questions: the amount of questions posted by the asker.

    * Open: questions that remain open and have at least an answer not hidden and not declined by the asker.

    * Without valid answers: questions that remain open and that received no answers, or that received answers that were hidden, or declined by the asker.

    * Closed without grading: questions that were closed without grading by the asker after having received at least one answer not hidden.

    Squashed questions are not included in these statistics. If you want to get more information on the asker, a click on the asker's link will take you to the asker's profile.


  • 1.18 - What does the "Vote PRO" or "Vote non-PRO" button do?

    In a "help" KudoZ question marked as PRO, participants may vote to have the question marked as non-PRO, and vice versa. Moderators and KudoZ editors have a single vote, like any other user of the site.

    Non-PRO questions are those that can be answered by any bilingual person without the aid of a dictionary. All other questions are PRO. "Glossary-building" KudoZ questions are always PRO and can't be voted into non-PRO.

    Three votes for either PRO or non-PRO are required to reclassify a question for the first time, and after that it will reverse its status as soon as there are more votes for the change than against it.

    For instance a question asked as non-PRO will require three votes to turn it into PRO (voting 3-0). At this point the button will change to "vote non-PRO" and four votes will turn it into non-PRO (voting 4-3). After that it will take two votes to change the question again in either sense (voting 5-4, 6-5, etc.).

    If you have fewer than twenty (20) KudoZ PRO points, you will not see this option.

    Access to the voting feature may be limited or revoked at the discretion of ProZ.com staff.


  • 1.19 - When posting my question I selected by mistake the wrong level (PRO, non-PRO). What can I do?

    You should submit a support request to have this issue addressed by staff.


  • 1.20 - ANTWOORDEN: Volgens mij had mijn puntentotaal vandaag meer moeten verhoogd worden.

    Als u lid bent, kunt u het systeem uw punten direct laten bijwerken. Ga naar uw KudoZ-puntenpagina en klik op "Werk mijn puntentotaal nu bij". Als u een geregistreerd gebruiker bent, dan worden afwijkingen in uw puntentotaal normaal gesproken binnen 24 uur gecorrigeerd.

    Als u wilt controleren of u punten gekregen hebt voor een bepaalde vraag, ga dan naar de KudoZ-antwoordengeschiedenis in uw profiel.


  • 1.21 - ANTWOORDEN: Eén van mijn KudoZ-puntentotalen werd verlaagd. Hoe kan dit?

    Het is mogelijk dat bepaalde puntentotalen (totaal, PRO, per specialisme of per periode) verlaagd worden. Dit kan veroorzaakt worden door de volgende factoren.

    * Een vraag waarvoor u punten verdiend hebt, werd verwijderd of de beoordeling werd verwijderd.
    * Een PRO-vraag waarvoor u punten verdiend hebt, werd opnieuw geclassificeerd als niet-PRO (waardoor uw PRO-totaal verlaagd en uw niet-PRO-totaal verhoogd werd).
    * Een vraag waarvoor u punten verdiend hebt, werd opnieuw geclassificeerd als een ander specialisme (waardoor uw totaal in het ene specialisme verlaagd en in het andere verhoogd werd).
    * Tijdsverloop (hierdoor kan uw puntentotaal over de laatste drie maanden omlaag gaan).

    Als u vragen hebt over de acht vragen waarvoor u gisteren punten verdiend hebt, kunt u de antwoordgeschiedenis in uw profiel raadplegen. Hierin staat elke vraag met de punten die u verdiend hebt.


  • 1.22 - ANTWOORDEN: Hoe kan ik wijzigen wat er in mijn KudoZ-puntensamenvatting op mijn profielpagina getoond wordt?

    Gebruikers kunnen ervoor kiezen om bepaalde soorten KudoZ-punten te verbergen in de samenvatting op deze pagina: http://www.proz.com/pro/?show_mode=kudoz&sub_mode=summary


  • 1.23 - What do the "ok" and "no" under the the "Gloss" (glossary) column in my KudoZ activity section indicate?



    The "ok" indicates that a glossary entry derived from the KudoZ question has been entered into the glossary.

    On the other hand, the "no" indicates that no glossary entry has been entered.


  • 1.24 - ANTWOORDEN: Ik moest een nieuw profiel aanmaken. Kan ik de punten van mijn vorige profiel overnemen?

    Ja, als u lid bent, kan iemand van Ondersteuning dit voor u doen. Houd u er rekening mee dat niet alleen uw punten, maar uw complete KudoZ-geschiedenis (vragen, commentaar aan collega's, opmerkingen, enz.) overgenomen wordt. U hebt dan niet langer meer toegang tot het oude profiel.

    Als u uw profielen wilt samenvoegen, dient u een verzoek om ondersteuning in waarin u vraagt om uw KudoZ-geschiedenis *van* een bepaald profiel over te zetten *naar* een bepaald profiel. Geef indien mogelijk de nummers van de profielen op (als u de nummers niet kent, is de gebruikersnaam voldoende).

    Geef in uw verzoek om ondersteuning aan dat u begrijpt dat de actie niet teruggedraaid kan worden en dat u niet langer toegang zult hebben tot het profiel waarvan de geschiedenis overgezet wordt.

    Nogmaals: deze optie is alleen beschikbaar voor leden.


  • 1.25 - Hoe kan ik voorkomen dat de termenzoekmachine van ProZ.com diakritische tekens en tekens met accenten omzet?

    In sommige gevallen heeft de termenzoekmachine van ProZ.com slechts beperkte mogelijkheden om diakritische tekens en tekens met accenten om te zetten (zo kan een zoekopdracht naar de term "publica" ook resultaten met "pública" opleveren). Selecteer de optie "zoek exacte woordcombinatie" om deze functie uit te zetten.


  • 1.26 - How can I enter a discussion entry?

    To enter a discussion entry you should click on the "Post discussion" button. A form will show to allow you to post a title and the body of your entry. These fields are limited to 50 and 1200 characters respectively (there is a counter to tell you how many characters you have left for the main field). There is a preview option and buttons for submitting the entry and for canceling the operation.



    Once your discussion entry has been entered, you will be able to edit it during the first 24 hours, or to delete it any time, by clicking on the icons displayed on the top right corner of the entry.


  • 1.27 - Ik stel voor om deelname aan KudoZ te beperken tot betalende leden. Hiermee zal de kwaliteit verbeteren.

    We hebben momenteel geen plannen om het gebruik van KudoZ te beperken tot leden. Er is echter een optie om de weergave- en notificatievoorkeuren zodanig in te stellen dat u alleen vragen van leden ziet. Bovendien kunt u, als u zelf een vraag stelt, aangeven dat alleen leden antwoorden mogen geven.


  • 1.28 - Are KudoZ questions indexed by search engines?

    Yes. As with the public forums, KudoZ questions are indexed by search engines.

    Keep in mind that this can (and should) work in your favor. A series of excellent KudoZ answers, or of helpful, professional forum posts, boost your web visibility to potential clients, and may also give them a further means of evaluating you as a translator and as a professional.


  • 1.29 - What do the time references next to the confidence level and in the peer section indicate?

    They indicate the time elapsed from the moment the question was asked until the other action "answer", "peer comment" took place. The times shown are measured in relation to moment the question was asked.


  • 1.30 - Can the asker enter in the glossary a term different from the one suggested in the selected question?

    Yes. Points are (or should be) given to the most helpful answer, while the best possible term should be entered in the glossary, even if it was not suggested by the answerer who won the points.

    Imagine for instance that you ask for a difficult technical term and get several similar alternatives, but one of the answers provided a very clear explanation that helped you understand the meaning of the term and its usage. Then you could pick another of the alternatives, and still consider this the most helpful answer.

    It is also possible for askers to find the best term on their own and enter a term that was suggested in none of the answers provided, but still select a most helpful answer.


  • 1.31 - A user in my sub-community regularly posts bad answers and they are sometimes selected and I am concerned that the glossary will deteriorate. Many valuable colleagues are of the same opinion and several of them have abandoned KudoZ. What can be done?

    The system includes the "disagree" feature. If answers considered invalid receive several disagrees based on linguistic (not personal) comments, then the amount of "bad" answers is likely to be reduced.


  • 1.32 - I was the first to provide the right answer to a KudoZ question and then other user provided the same answer adding few more explanations and received the points (instead of agreeing to my answer). Is this allowed?

    Askers have the right to select the answers they consider most helpful to their questions.
    There is nothing wrong in taking the time to provide the best possible answer, including references and explanations, even if a term has been already suggested. Limiting this right would turn KudoZ into a race to post a term with little or no explanations, and it would discourage better researched and more complete answers.


  • 1.33 - How does the first validated answer mode work?

    Askers have the option of asking questions in "first validated answer" (FVA) mode. When the FVA option is selected, instead of multiple answers being submitted and the asker selecting the one that is most helpful, the goal is for one correct translation to be agreed upon by the answerer community. An FVA question is therefore considered closed as soon as one answer gets two net agrees (in top pairs, two net agrees must come from users who meet the criteria for the question).

    The effect for askers is that they can ask a question, and some time later be sent an answer that has been validated. It is considered that this option to "leave the decision to the pros" may appeal to some askers, particularly those who do not speak the target language. Various other possibilities may also be presented by this new approach.

    Note that FVA questions are always not-for-points, and that they are targeted at those who work in the language pair, have expressed at least an interest in the selected field, and are native in the target language when the question is in a top pair. (However, others are not prevented from answering.)



  • Main - Top


  • 2.2 - Asking

  • 2.1 - What constitutes "term help" as defined in rule http://www.proz.com/siterules/kudoz_general/1.1#1.1 ?

    KudoZ questions can be used to ask for help on terms or idiomatic expressions.

    A group of words (up to approximately 10) should be posted in a single question only when they constitute an unbreakable unit, such as an idiomatic expression (e.g. 'a jack of all trades and master of none') that may be several words long and where omitting any part would not formulate the question correctly.

    Askers can also ask for help in understanding the meaning of a sentence, word order, pronunciation, a grammatical issue or the difference between two terms, but this should be done in the corresponding monolingual language pair. Monolingual KudoZ questions can be asked by selecting the same language for both source and target languages.


  • 2.2 - What is the meaning of "one term is allowed per question" in KudoZ rule 2.1?

    Unless they share a root or are otherwise related, terms should be posted separately--an asker should not ask how to say "apple" and "banana" in the same question. This means that a question such as "flotsam/jetsam/derelict" in a context of maritime law would be not valid, since the terms are independent and should posted in three separate questions. On the other hand, "the flotsam and jetsam of the inner city" would be OK, as the terms flotsam and jetsam are related in a unit of meaning. Other examples of valid KudoZ questions are: "screen / screening" (they share a root), "Many levels in this game were heavily tuned for smoothness" (terms related as a unit of meaning in a particular context).


  • 2.3 - VRAGEN: Is er een limiet aan het aantal vragen dat ik kan stellen?

    Ja. Uw dagelijkse limiet (gemeten over een glijdende periode van 24 uur) is afhankelijk van uw lidmaatschap. Als u niet geregistreerd bent bij ProZ.com, kunt u een (1) vraag per dag stellen. Als u geregistreerd bent, maar geen lid bent, kunt u vijf (5) vragen stellen. Als u lid bent, kunt u vijftien (15) vragen stellen. Er zijn ook wekelijkse limieten van 20 vragen voor geregistreerde niet-leden en 60 vragen voor leden.


  • 2.4 - What happens if I ask questions beyond the daily or weekly limits?

    When you ask questions beyond the limits corresponding to your membership status, these extra questions are added to the KudoZ question queue and they will be made visible automatically when enough time has elapsed for the question to be within asking limits.

    When this happens you will see a message like this one:



    When you click to see your queue, you will see a table like this one:



    Members have higher limits and can request limit waivers via the support system.


  • 2.5 - VRAGEN: Ik spaar mijn terminologievragen meestal op tot het einde van een project. Is er een manier om de limiet te omzeilen?

    We gaan ervan uit dat de limiet van vijftien (15) per dag genoeg is voor de meeste mensen. Door uw vragen bijvoorbeeld over de laatste twee dagen van een project te spreiden, kunt u er dertig (30) stellen. Als u er meer nodig hebt en u bent lid, dan kunt u iemand van Ondersteuning vragen u een tijdelijke ontheffing te verlenen.


  • 2.6 - Can I post a question in more than one language pair?

    It is not possible to post a single question in different language pairs. However, several questions in different language pairs may be posted for a single term.


  • 2.7 - VRAGEN: Kan ik een eentalige KudoZ-vraag stellen?

    Ja, maar hiervoor werd geen specifieke sectie opgenomen in de KudoZ-sectie. Als u een vraag in slechts één taal wilt stellen (bijvoorbeeld: Nederlands naar Nederlands) gaat u naar "Vragen" in de KudoZ-tab. Klik in het formulier op "Meer talen". U ziet twee lijsten waarin u de gewenste taal twee keer kunt selecteren. Op die manier wordt het een eentalige vraag.


  • 2.8 - VRAGEN: Ik weet niet of ik een vraag moet classificeren als niet-PRO of PRO. Wat is het verschil?

    Hoewel het niet echt mogelijk is een duidelijk onderscheid te maken, worden de volgende definities gebruikt voor de twee typen vragen.

    PRO- vragen zijn vragen die gesteld worden door OF die geschikt zijn voor professionele vertalers.

    Niet-PRO- vragen zijn vragen die gesteld worden door iemand die geen professioneel vertaler is en die beantwoord kunnen worden door iemand die tweetalig is zonder de hulp van een woordenboek


    Denk bij bovenstaande definities niet aan uw eigen achtergrond/specialisme, maar leef u de situatie van een - hypothetische - willekeurige tweetalige persoon in. Is het waarschijnlijk dat deze persoon uit het hoofd een goede vertaling van de betreffende term of korte zin (en in de specifieke getoonde context) zou kunnen produceren? Zo niet, dan is het een PRO-vraag.

    In dit artikel wordt dit in meer detail beschreven.


  • 2.9 - What should I do if I don't have context to include in my KudoZ question?

    There is always some context to provide, such as information about the type of customer (an oil company? a plumber? a dentist? ), the type of document you are translating, the subject, etc.

    Even in the extreme case of posting an item in a list there is hope. Imagine a question posted as:


    Question: quolly
    Fields: Law/Patents - Other
    Context: It's in a list - (sorry but) no context available.


    Now with a deeper understanding of what context is and what purpose it serves, some questions may elicit useful information and, quite possibly, lead to a valid answer.

    For example:

    - What does the patent describe? And if it's a revolutionary ion engine for spacecraft, change the fields to Tech/Enginnering - Space/Aeronautics - Ion engine design.

    - What is the purpose of the list? There's a big difference of context between a list of engine parts and a list of tools used to assemble an engine.

    - What are the adjacent items in the list? Very often lists contain related terms, and to an expert the meaning of the obscure term may well be clear when seen along with the other items.

    - What is the country of origin of the text, and/or of its author? Words are often misused by non-native speakers.

    - Does the overall quality of the source text suggest the problem term is 'just another typo or scanno' in a text riddled with rubbish or is it, on the contrary, a real term that's probably being used correctly.

    Armed with that meaningful context we have a new question, such as:


    Question: quolly
    Fields: Tech/Enginnering - Space/Aeronautics - Ion engine design
    Context: It's in a list of tools used in the assembly of spacecraft engines, mentioned in the patent for a revolutionary ion engine.
    The rest of the text seems to be well-written by a native English-speaker (from a well-known manufacturing company in the UK), so I don't think it's an error in the source text.


    Of course, this doesn't guarantee there will be a valid answer, but at least that will not be for "no context".


  • 2.10 - VRAGEN: Kan ik meer informatie aan mijn vraag toevoegen? Kan ik de vraag wijzigen?

    Je kunt een vraag niet wijzigen, maar je kunt wel opmerkingen toevoegen. Er verschijnt een formulier op de vraagpagina. (Als je de vraag niet meer kunt vinden, zoek dan de koppeling naar de vraag op in de e-mailbevestiging.)


  • 2.11 - Can KudoZ askers direct their questions to specific site users?

    Yes. When posting a KudoZ question, askers are given the option to restrict their KudoZ questions by 1) profile information (native language, language pair and field) and 2) membership status. If the asker selects the option "Only ProZ.com members may answer" when posting his/her question, the "Answer" button will not be visible to non-members and the following message will show to them:

    The asker has directed this question specifically to ProZ.com users who:
    ... are ProZ.com members (You do not appear to be) Join ProZ.com >


    If the asker specifies a restriction connected with native language, level of expertise in the specified language pair or level of expertise in the field, those that do not meet these criteria will be informed of this, but still invited to post an answer:

    The asker has directed this question specifically to ProZ.com users who:
    ... have expressed interest in this pair (You have)
    ... report a "specialty" level of expertise in the subject field (You have not) [Edit]
    ... are native speakers of Tonga (Nya) or Nzima (You have not reported that you are) [Edit]
    Although you do not meet the criteria, you may suggest a translation if you like


  • 2.12 - VRAGEN: Kan ik mijn vraag alleen naar bepaalde mensen die ik ken, sturen?

    Dit is mogelijk als u (betalend) lid van ProZ.com bent.


  • 2.13 - VRAGEN: Waarom zou ik een vraag alleen aan bepaalde mensen stellen?

    Veel beantwoorders van KudoZ-vragen weten inmiddels welke ProZ.com-leden gespecialiseerd zijn in welke vakgebieden. Onder bepaalde voorwaarden kiezen zij ervoor alleen deze experts direct te raadplegen. Via KudoZ is dit proces meer gestandaardiseerd en gemakkelijker, en worden de gegeven vertalingen opgeslagen en kunnen ze teruggezocht worden.


  • 2.14 - VRAGEN: Waarom zou ik een vraag alleen aan bepaalde groepen leden stellen?

    Soms hebben vragers behoefte aan commentaar van specifieke groepen, bijvoorbeeld moedertaalsprekers, mensen die gespecialiseerd zijn in een vakgebied of andere specifieke groepen ProZ.com-leden. Ket KudoZ-systeem biedt u de mogelijkheid deze voorkeuren aan te geven.


  • 2.15 - VRAGEN: Als ik een vraag privé stel, dus beperk tot een van mijn teams, kunnen anderen deze dan zien? Kan de vraag in het archief teruggevonden worden?

    Als u lid bent, kunt u ervoor kiezen om de term altijd privé te houden. Als u een geregistreerd gebruiker bent, kunt u ervoor kiezen de term één maand privé te houden, waarna de vraag publiek wordt en teruggevonden kan worden.

    Belangrijke opmerking: Voor KudoZ wordt geen beveiliging op bankniveau gebruikt, zelfs niet voor privévragen. U mag geen gevoelige termen via KudoZ publiceren, zelfs niet als u gebruikmaakt van de privacyopties.


  • 2.16 - I see a "squash" button under a KudoZ question I have posted, what does that mean?

    If you have posted a KudoZ term help question and it has not received an answer, you will have the option to "squash" or remove the question until it receives at least one answer. This allows users to remove mistakenly-posted questions without the assistance of a moderator or KudoZ editor.


  • 2.17 - VRAGEN: Hoe kan ik collega's bedanken zonder hun KudoZ-antwoord al af te wijzen of te beoordelen?

    U kunt op de naam van de persoon klikken en een bericht sturen via de profielpagina. Uw bericht wordt via e-mail naar de persoon verzonden. Vergeet niet het internetadres van de KudoZ-vraag te vermelden.


  • 2.18 - VRAGEN: Hoe beoordeel ik mijn KudoZ-vraag?

    U kunt uw KudoZ-vraag beoordelen via de koppeling "Selecteer dit antwoord als beste" in het antwoordkader van het antwoord dat het beste is. Wanneer u op de koppeling "Selecteer dit antwoord als beste" klikt, verschijnt er een venster waarin u uw KudoZ-punten kunt toekennen en de KudoZ-term kunt opnemen in uw woordenlijst, de KudoZ Open Woordenlijst (KOW), of in beide.


  • 2.19 - I did not enter the term to the KOG at the time I graded my question, but I would like to enter it now. How can I do that?

    Simply click on the "gloss" button below the "Summary of answers provided" chart.


  • 2.20 - Can I grade my question less than 24 hours after posting it?

    KudoZ rule 2.10 recommends that askers allow at least twenty-four (24) hours to pass before closing a question.

    To select the most helpful answer, the asker clicks on the link in the selected answer:




    If less than 24 hours have elapsed since the question was posted, the following window will open:




    If the asker chooses to wait until 24 hours have elapsed since the question was posted, the question will remain open and it will be graded normally by the asker.

    If, on the other hand, the asker chooses to select the most helpful answer at this time, a new window will open to allow them to enter their preferences:




    This window will allow the asker to select the most helpful answer, to assign points to it and to post a grading comment. The asker also has the option to select and edit a glossary entry associated with this answer.

    If the asker does not select a glossary entry, the following message will be displayed:




    If the asker makes a glossary entry, the message will include the following information:




    Once this form is submitted, the question will remain open and new answers and peer comments can be added. About 72 hours after this submission, the system will grade the question in accordance with the following criteria:

    a) If none of the answers has a net peer grading (agrees minus disagrees) of 2 or more, then the option selected by the asker will be used.

    b) If at least one answer has a net peer grading higher than 1 and one of the answers has a net peer grading higher than the others, then this answer will be selected.

    c) If at least one answer has a net peer grading higher than 1 and two or more answers share the same top peer grading, the answer posted last will be selected. The logic behind this criterion is that all those agreed to the second answer have seen the first one and still voted for the second, therefore preferring the second answer, while those that voted for the first one may not have seen the second answer when voted.

    If the answer selected by the asker was chosen due to lack of votes or because the community voted for it, the amount of points, grading comment and (if entered) glossary entry selected by the asker will be chosen. If the asker did not make a glossary entry, one will be created automatically using the asked term and the suggested term.

    If a different answer from the one selected by the asker was chosen by the community, 4 points will be assigned to this answer and a glossary entry will be created using the asked term and the suggested term.

    After grading, the question will show the following message:



  • 2.21 - VRAGEN: Ik ben de koppeling kwijt uit de KudoZ-bevestiging die ik per e-mail ontvangen heb. Hoe kan ik nu mijn KudoZ-vraag beoordelen?

    Als u de koppeling kwijt bent uit de KudoZ-bevestiging die u per e-mail ontvangen hebt, kunt u deze opnieuw aanvragen door contact op te nemen met Ondersteuning via het onlineticketsysteem en/of kunt u contact opnemen met een moderator en hem/haar vragen de koppeling opnieuw naar uw e-mailadres te sturen. Vergeet niet het KudoZ-internetadres van uw vraag mee te sturen als u een nieuwe e-mailbevestiging aanvraagt.

    Als u het KudoZ-internetadres niet meer kent en u was niet ingelogd toen u de vraag invoerde, dan moet u online contact opnemen met Ondersteuning en hen vragen de vraag voor u te beoordelen.


  • 2.22 - VRAGEN: Kan ik punten toekennen aan meer dan één antwoord?

    Nee, u kunt slechts één "beste" antwoord kiezen. (Voor de beantwoorders middelen de punten na verloop van tijd wel uit.)


  • 2.23 - Ik heb een vraag gesloten zonder het beste antwoord te kiezen. Kan ik de vraag opnieuw openen?

    Ja. Dien een verzoek voor ondersteuning in.


  • 2.24 - VRAGEN: Hoe kan ik een KudoZ-vraag sluiten die ik gesteld heb, maar die niemand beantwoord heeft?

    Klik op uw vragenpagina op de knop "Beoordelen". U gaat naar de volgende pagina, waar u op de knop "Sluiten zonder beoordelen" moet klikken. (met dank aan Mikhail Kropotov)


  • 2.25 - VRAGEN: Hoe kan ik instellen dat ik geen herinneringen per e-mail meer krijg om mijn vragen te beoordelen?

    Vragers krijgen 5, 7, 9 en 11 dagen na het stellen van de vraag een herinnering per e-mail om open KudoZ-vragen met geschikte antwoorden te beoordelen.

    De vrager kan een van de volgende acties ondernemen om deze herinneringen niet meer te ontvangen:
    - Het beste antwoord selecteren
    - De vraag sluiten zonder een antwoord te selecteren (klik op de knop "Sluiten zonder beoordeling")
    - Alle huidige antwoorden afwijzen, maar de vraag open laten voor nieuwe antwoorden. Klik hiervoor op "[Geen van deze antwoorden is bruikbaar; stuur me geen herinnering meer om een antwoord te selecteren]" bovenaan de lijst met antwoorden.


  • 2.26 - Wat zijn de criteria voor het aantal punten (1-4) dat ik aan het gekozen antwoord moet toekennen?

    Houd de volgende schaal aan als richtlijn om te bepalen hoeveel punten u moet toekennen.

    4: Het antwoord was aanvaardbaar, de uitleg was goed, er werd een verwijzing gegeven (of deze was niet nodig).
    3: Het antwoord was aanvaardbaar, de uitleg was goed, maar er werd geen verwijzing gegeven.
    2: Het antwoord was aanvaardbaar.
    1: Het antwoord was enigszins bruikbaar.


  • 2.27 - Points were awarded to an answer to my question but I would like to select another answer instead. How can I un-grade my question?

    To un-grade a question you have asked in order to award the points to the answer you found most helpful, you will need to first obtain the agreement of the answerer to whom the points have been given. Both you and the answerer should express this agreement either to the assigned moderator(s), or via support request.


  • 2.28 - I have included confidential information in a question. Can I have it removed?

    If you posted a KudoZ question that contains confidential information, please submit a support request, specifying the exact information you would like to have remove so that staff can remove this information for you.



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  • 2.3 - Answering

  • 3.1 - ANTWOORDEN: Ik kan een KudoZ-vraag niet zien. Wat moet ik doen?

    Stuur het internetadres en een afbeelding van de pagina naar de afdeling Ondersteuning van ProZ.com!


  • 3.2 - ANTWOORDEN: Als ik zoek naar vragen van alleen leden, zie ik iets vreemds.

    Als u de optie "alleen leden" gebruikt (te vinden onder "type vrager" op de KudoZ-overzichtspagina - http://www.proz.com/kudoz ), ziet u alleen de vragen die gesteld werden door gebruikers die lid waren *op het moment dat ze de vraag stelden*. Omdat het type lidmaatschap van vragers pas sinds kort geregistreerd wordt, is het aantal resultaten klein. En doordat er verschillende typen lidmaatschap (volledig, gedeeltelijk) zijn en sommige lidmaatschappen niet verlengd worden, kan de indruk ontstaan dat er iets niet klopt.


  • 3.3 - Kan ik nog steeds antwoorden als de vraag gesloten is en de punten toegekend werden?

    Zodra de punten toegekend zijn, wordt de vraag gesloten, maar u kunt zelfs antwoorden als de vraag gesloten is. De logica hierachter is dat we u graag de gelegenheid bieden om de vraagsteller zo veel mogelijk te helpen, zelfs als hij/zij al heeft besloten dat hij/zij het beste antwoord op zijn/haar vraag gevonden heeft.


  • 3.4 - Can I edit the answer I've given to a KudoZ question?

    No. Editing an answer would be unfair to other answerers. You might consider adding a comment to your answer. In some cases, a wrong answer can be hidden by the answerer and the correct answer posted in its place.


  • 3.5 - ANTWOORDEN: Waarom verschijnt het woord "Verbergen" in mijn antwoordkaders?

    U mag uw eigen antwoorden verbergen. Op deze manier kunt u antwoorden intrekken.


  • 3.6 - ANTWOORDEN: Hoe kan ik een antwoord dat ik verborgen heb, opnieuw tonen?

    Als u een antwoord verborgen hebt, kunt u het niet meer zichtbaar maken. Gebruik de koppeling "Antwoord verbergen" alleen als u het antwoord permanent wilt verbergen.


  • 3.7 - If I hide my answer and submit a new one, is this against site rules for answering?

    Posting multiple answers in systematic way is out of line with rule http://www.proz.com/siterules/kudoz_answ/3.3#3.3 (hidden answers are included in this count).

    Hiding an answer with disagrees and re-posting the same answer (thus "cleaning" the negative peer comments) would be out of line with rule http://www.proz.com/siterules/general/2#2 .

    Hiding a wrong answer (even with disagrees) and posting a different one is valid, provided it is not done in a systematic way.


  • 3.8 - Will my hidden answers be visible in my list of answers?

    You will always be able to see the answers you have hidden in your list of KudoZ answers. Other users will only see your hidden answers if you have hidden 10% or more of your total answers (but no less than 20 answers).

    Hidden answers will figure under the Answered tab in the KudoZ activity section of profiles, with the link to the question, but with "Answer hidden by answerer" instead of the source and target term.

    They will also be added to the total count of Questions answered (shown on the main page of profiles) and in the statistics found in the KudoZ activity section.


  • 3.9 - What is the meaning of "no more than one answer per question" in KudoZ rule 3.1?

    Submitting an answer to a KudoZ question and then submitting one or more additional answers to the same question is discouraged (even if the original answer was hidden) and doing this in a systematic way is forbidden by the rules. Answerers can add as many comments as they want to their answers. Offering several terms together in the same answer (ANSWER1/ANSWER2/ANSWER3) is not forbidden, but discouraged, as it interferes with the glossary format.


  • 3.10 - ANTWOORDEN: Wat betekent het als een vraag gemarkeerd werd als "Niet voor punten"?

    Sommige leden / gebruikers vinden dat het toekennen van KudoZ-punten afleidt van de KudoZ-beleving. Deze gebruikers kunnen ervoor kiezen om een vraag die ze stellen "Niet voor punten" te maken. Er kunnen geen KudoZ-punten verdiend worden met het beantwoorden van deze vragen.


  • 3.11 - ANTWOORDEN: Als ik "Niet voor punten"-vragen beantwoord, worden deze dan opgenomen in de KudoZ-geschiedenis op mijn profielpagina?

    Ja. Deze vragen worden met een kleur gemarkeerd die aangeeft dat er geen punten beschikbaar waren.


  • 3.12 - ANTWOORDEN: Als ik "Niet voor punten"-vragen beantwoord, heeft dit dan invloed op mijn positie in de KudoZ-ranglijst of in de vertalerslijst van ProZ.com?

    Nee. Het beantwoorden van "Niet voor punten"-vragen heeft geen technische voordelen, alleen indirecte voordelen (leren, helpen, netwerken, enz.).


  • 3.13 - What does Confidence level show?

    Confidence level is the degree of certainty expressed by an answerer regarding his or her own answer. This information is provided by an answerer in the Kudoz Answer form. Confidence level is a required field and an answerer is suggested to select one of the 5 (five) possible confidence levels:

    Highest - I am sure
    High
    Medium
    Low
    Lowest - I am guessing


  • 3.14 - I don't know the answer to a KudoZ question, but I have some information that could help the asker. Where should I post this information?

    If you cannot think of an appropriate answer to a KudoZ question, but you have information that may help the asker or other participants to come up with a good translation, make a reference post by clicking on "Post reference" and include such relevant information.

    Note: Reference posts cannot be selected as most helpful and so no points cannot be awarded to reference posters.


  • 3.15 - I do not see the "Post reference" button in a KudoZ question. Why?

    Once you posted a Kudoz answer, you will not be able to post a reference. It is assumed that you put all the information in your Kudoz answer. This makes your answer a more useful resource, and ensures all the information is kept in one place.

    It is possible to post a reference and then an answer, but not possible to post an answer first and then a reference.


  • 3.16 - Under what conditions can an answerer use the discussion entries feature?

    Answerers can use the discussion entry to ask the asker for context information or to engage in linguistic discussions of some points of the question asked. In general, opinions on other answers should be provided in the peer grading interface while additional comments supporting their answers should be presented as comments in the answers themselves. Systematic use of the discussion entry to promote an answer provided will not be allowed.


  • 3.17 - How can I avoid answering questions from askers who tend to close their questions without grading them?

    You can see how many questions an asker has closed without grading by mousing over their name in a KudoZ question they have asked. (There is also an option to filter out questions from certain askers in the lists of questions.)


  • 3.18 -



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  • 2.4 - Peer commenting

  • 4.1 - ANTWOORDEN: Kan ik het eens zijn met meer dan één antwoord op een vraag?

    Ja. U mag het eens zijn met zoveel antwoorden als u juist vindt, en het oneens zijn met zoveel antwoorden als u onjuist vindt.


  • 4.2 - ANTWOORDEN: Wat gebeurt er als iemand het niet eens is met een antwoord?

    Het niet eens zijn met een antwoord is slechts een indicatie voor de vraagsteller dat u (en misschien anderen) vindt dat het antwoord niet juist is; de vrager bepaalt zelf of hij of zij de suggestie overneemt.

    Het enige "automatische" effect is dat bij automatische beoordeling (komt sporadisch voor) een antwoord minder snel gekozen wordt als iemand het er niet mee eens is.


  • 4.3 - ANTWOORDEN: Ik heb commentaar aan een collega gegeven en ik wil antwoorden op de reactie die ik gekregen heb. Kan dat?

    Nee. Om te voorkomen dat KudoZ-discussies uit de hand lopen, is het niet mogelijk om voor elk antwoord meer dan een commentaar uit te wisselen. Een collega mag commentaar geven en degene die het antwoord gegeven heeft, mag reageren--maar dat is het einde van de discussie. (De mogelijkheid om commentaar aan collega's en reacties aan hen te wijzigen is er alleen om spelfouten of foutieve koppelingen te corrigeren of vergelijkbare wijzigingen aan te brengen.) Let erop dat uw reactie duidelijk en kort is; u hebt maar één kans.


  • 4.4 - Ik zie een koppeling om mijn commentaar te "wijzigen/verwijderen". Waarvoor is dit?

    Met de koppeling "wijzigen/verwijderen" kunt u uw commentaar wijzigen. Denk eraan dat deze mogelijkheid er alleen is om spelfouten of foutieve koppelingen te corrigeren of vergelijkbare wijzigingen aan te brengen.


  • 4.5 - Can I comment on an answerer's confidence level in my peer comment?

    No. Peer comments should be purely linguistic in nature (see KudoZ rule 3.5). Making comments or insinuations regarding an answerer's confidence level would not be in line with KudoZ rule 3.7.





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  • 2.5 - KudoZ editors

  • 5.1 - ANTWOORDEN: Ik zie sommige gebruikers (geen moderatoren) vragen van anderen opnieuw classificeren of verwijderen. Hoe worden zij geselecteerd?

    Moderators kunnen leden/geregistreerde gebruikers met minstens 500 KudoZ-punten uitnodigen om de richtlijnen voor opnieuw classificeren en verwijderen te lezen en een korte test te doen. Degenen die slagen krijgen het recht om deze wijzigingen aan te brengen.


  • 5.2 - Is site moderation one of the responsibilities of KudoZ editors?

    No. KudoZ editors are site users who have been given the right to perform some editing functions on KudoZ questions, namely the change or reversion of KudoZ question language pairs, the removal of questions if these are not in line with site rules or if they are duplicated, and the change of KudoZ question fields.

    Moderators are site members who have volunteered to foster and protect the positive, results-oriented atmosphere that makes ProZ.com possible by greeting and guiding new participants in KudoZ and enforcing site rules in a consistent and structured manner.

    In no way are KudoZ editors entitled or expected to act as site moderators. KudoZ editors, just as site members, are required to contact staff or moderators to report any form of abuse.


  • 5.3 - ANTWOORDEN: Er is een optie verschenen waarmee ik de vragen van anderen kan wijzigen. Waarom?

    Als u een bepaald aantal KudoZ-punten (100 of 500) verdiend hebt, verschijnen er een aantal opties waarmee u de vragen van anderen kunt corrigeren. Als een vraag Nederlands naar Engels is, maar geplaatst werd als Engels naar Nederlands, corrigeert u dit gewoon.


  • 5.4 - I would like to apply to become a KudoZ editor. Can I?

    No, it is not possible to submit an application to become a KudoZ editor, an invitation has to be issued by a moderator or site staff.


  • 5.5 - Can KudoZ editors reclassify a question form PRO into non-PRO and vice versa?

    No, KudoZ editors and moderators will have to vote like any other member for the change of status of questions (instead of forcing this change of status.)


  • 5.6 - Does membership determine someone's eligibility to become a KudoZ editor?

    No, eligibility is not determined by membership status.



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  • 2.6 - KudoZ notifications

  • 6.1 - ANTWOORDEN: Ik krijg helemaal geen e-mailnotificaties voor KudoZ.

    Als u helemaal geen e-mailnotificaties voor KudoZ ontvangt en u hebt ze nooit eerder ontvangen, controleer dan de instellingen op uw profielpagina. U ontvangt geen notificaties als:
    - u geen talencombinaties ingevoerd hebt
    - u geen specialismen ingevoerd hebt
    - u niet gekozen hebt voor e-mailnotificaties voor KudoZ in uw e-mailvoorkeuren.

    Als u wel al eerder notificaties ontvangen hebt en nu niets meer ontvangt zonder dat u iets gewijzigd hebt, kunnen er verschillende oorzaken zijn:
    - eerdere berichten naar uw adres zijn geweigerd en uw e-mailadres is "gemarkeerd" als slecht (controleer uw persoonlijke gegevens op uw profielpagina; de tekens "xxx" werden vóór uw adres toegevoegd
    - er is een probleem met de e-mailnotificaties van ProZ.com. (Kijk op de sitestatuspagina voor meer informatie.)
    - u of uw ISP heeft de filtering van e-mail gewijzigd of ingeschakeld en deze filtering voorkomt dat de berichten bij u afgeleverd worden (het is bijvoorbeeld bekend dat dit probleem optreedt bij terra.es).

    Als u het probleem niet gevonden hebt nadat u al deze opties gecontroleerd hebt, dien dan een verzoek tot ondersteuning in met een koppeling naar ten minste één KudoZ-vraag waarvan u een notificatie zou moeten ontvangen hebben.


  • 6.2 - ANTWOORDEN: Ik krijg niet alle KudoZ-notificaties die ik zou moeten krijgen.

    E-mailnotificaties voor KudoZ-vragen worden volgens de volgende criteria verstuurd: talencombinatie, onderwerp en moeilijkheidsgraad. Als u geen e-mailnotificatie van een vraag ontvangen hebt, controleer dan of uw profielinstellingen en -voorkeuren zodanig zijn ingesteld dat u de notificatie had moeten ontvangen. Als u zeker weet dat dat het geval is, dien dan een verzoek om ondersteuningin, inclusief het internetadres van een of meer KudoZ-vragen waarvan u een notificatie had moeten ontvangen. Het personeel van ProZ.com controleert dan of de e-mailnotificatie door de ProZ.com-servers verstuurd werd. (Als dat het geval is, is het mogelijk dat er een probleem is bij of dat e-mails gefilterd worden door uw ISP of op uw eigen computer.)


  • 6.3 - ANTWOORDEN: Ik krijg te veel e-mailnotificaties voor KudoZ

    U kunt het aantal e-mailnotificaties voor KudoZ verminderen door minder onderwerpen te selecteren in uw voorkeuren voor KudoZ-notificaties. Als u helemaal geen KudoZ-notificaties wilt ontvangen, selecteert u de optie "Nee" bij de eerste vraag in het KudoZ-bedieningspaneel.


  • 6.4 - ANTWOORDEN: Soms krijg ik vragen per e-mail die ik niet op de website kan zien, en soms zie ik vragen die ik niet per e-mail ontvangen heb...

    De instellingen voor e-mail en weergave worden apart ingesteld. U kunt uw voorkeuren voor e-mail instellen via uw bedieningspaneel - http://www.proz.com/dashboard - en uw weergavevoorkeuren via de KudoZ-overzichtspagina - http://www.proz.com/kudoz


  • 6.5 - ANTWOORDEN: Wat is een dagelijkse samenvatting?

    Het is een bericht met een korte samenvatting van de vragen die op één dag gesteld werden, evenals een kort overzicht van antwoorden die tot nu toe op deze vragen gegeven werden.


  • 6.6 - ANTWOORDEN: Hoe kan ik e-mailnotificaties voor KudoZ ontvangen van mijn team?

    Alle leden van uw team kunnen een KudoZ-vraag stellen die alleen aan uw team getoond wordt. Als u voor dit soort vragen e-mailnotificaties wilt ontvangen, hoeft u alleen maar de notificaties aan te zetten en de desbetreffende talencombinatie op te nemen in de combinaties waarin u werkt of geïnteresseerd bent.


  • 6.7 - Can I track a particular KudoZ question?

    Yes. If you are a paying member you can track any KudoZ question. For each question you will see a track setting box in the left navigation column of the page which looks like this:

    When you check this box and click on save, you will receive a notification each time a reference post or an answer is posted.

    Also, there is a selection box in the discussion area that allows the tracking of the discussion entries of a particular question:



    When you select the "track question" box, the "track discussion" will also be selected. You can then de-select any of them independently.

    When you post a reference comment, an answer or a discussion entry, the "track discussion" box is selected. If you de-select it once it will no longer be automatically selected again in this question.


  • 6.8 - How can I get notifications when a certain person asks a KudoZ question?

    In order to get a notification every time a certain registered user asks a KudoZ question you have to "flag" this asker as follows:

    In your top drop-down menu select KudoZ -> Dashboard



    On the left panel of your KudoZ dashboard, select the option "Asker flags & filters"



    This is the box used for flagging askers. In this case no asker has been flagged yet:



    To flag an asker you should enter the user's ID in the corresponding box and pres "Flag asker". If you don't know this number you should click on the link "Search" to open a search tool:



    In this case a search by name brings the user's ID and username:



    Once the asker was flagged, it will look like this in your dashboard page:



    And it will look like this when the flagged asker posts a question:



    Notification will be sent to you of flagged askers' questions, even when they do not match your notification settings.


  • 6.9 - I don't want notifications of a particular person's questions-- what can I do?

    If you become convinced that a certain member is not likely to ask questions that are of interest to you, you may opt to "filter" that member's questions (regardless of your notification settings.)

    To do so you should select KudoZ -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu:



    On the left panel of your KudoZ dashboard, select the option "Asker flags & filters"



    This is the box used for filtering askers. In this case no asker has been filtered yet:



    To filter an asker you should enter the user's ID in the corresponding box and pres "Filter asker". If you don't know this number you should click on the link "Search answerers" to open a search tool:



    In this case a search by name brings the user's ID and username:



    Once the asker was filtered, it will look like this in your dashboard page:



    And it will look like this when the filtered asker posts a question:



    Notification will NOT be sent to you of filtered askers' questions, even when they do match your notification settings. Also, these questions will not be shown to you when you select KudoZ - Answer questions, even when they match your selection criteria.


  • 6.10 - How can I get notifications when a certain user posts a KudoZ answer or reference comment?

    In order to get a notification every time a certain registered user posts a KudoZ answer or reference comment you have get this user's authorization to track his/her answers. To do so:

    In your top drop-down menu select My ProZ.com -> Dashboard



    In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"



    In the answerer tracking page you can click on "Search for answerer" and enter the corresponding information on name, username of profile number and then click on "Search" and on the found profile name.



    At this point the dashboard will show the corresponding profile number and username. You may send a personalized message before sending the request by means of the "track answerer" button.




    You can also start this procedure by clicking on the "track this answerer" in an answer or reference comment posted by this user:




    After submitting the request, the dashboard will record it as pending:



    While the request is pending, you will see a special message in each answer or reference comment posted by this user:



    Once your request was accepted, the dashboard will show the following indication:



    If you want to stop tracking this user, click on "remove".

    You will also see the following in each answer or reference comment posted by the user you are tracking:




    You will receive a notification each time this user posts an answer or a reference comment.


  • 6.11 - What are my options for the KudoZ tracking feature?

    There are three basic conditions that you can configure selecting My ProZ.com -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu :



    In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"



    In the box "Who can track you" on the right side of the dashboard you can select the following options:

    * Allow anyone to track my answers: requests will be automatically approved.
    * Ask me for permission on a case-by-case basis: you will be asked each time a request is received.
    * Do not allow anyone to track my answers: all requests will be automatically rejected




  • 6.12 - A user asked for authorization to track my KudoZ answers. Why would someone want to do this?

    While the motives could be different for each user, two likely reasons to do so would be (a) to learn from someone who is good in a certain field of expertise or (b) to evaluate a translator for possible future collaborations. Remember that you can revoke the right to track your answers at any time.


  • 6.13 - A site user would like to track my answers, what should I do?

    To work on your answer tracking options, select My ProZ.com -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu :



    In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"



    On this page you will see the notification that you have a pending request to be tracked by a colleague and, on the right side, the identity and message from the colleague willing who sent the request:



    This right side panel allows you to approve or decline the request. If you chose to approve it you will be asked for a confirmation:



    Note that you can at this point select the option "Allow anyone else who wants to track my answers to do so as well", so that further requests will be automatically approved.

    Once you approved one or more users for tracking your answers, you will find them at the table of colleagues tracking you:



    This panel allows you to revoke individually the permission to track your answers granted to any of those colleagues.


  • 6.14 - How can I be notified of KudoZ questions in other language pairs?

    To be notified of questions asked in language pairs you do not want to list as working language pairs in your profile, just report the language pairs in question as interest language pairs.

    To do so, go to your Profile Updater and report your 'non-working' language pairs in the Languages section.

    Once reported, click on Edit next to each language pair just added and select I only have an interest in this pair, do not show it in my profile. Remember to save all the changes you apply.

    Finally, go to your KudoZ dashboard and set your KudoZ notifications preferences for these language pairs as you have done for your working language pairs.


  • 6.15 - I want to get Kudoz notifications for opposite language pairs to my working languages.

    First, indicate direct pairs as "working" and reverse pairs as "interest" in your Profile Updater . Then, use these parameters to set up notifications settings.



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  • 3 - Glossary-building KudoZ

  • 3.1 - What is the purpose of the glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) questions?

    The primary purpose of this new question type is to enable the ProZ.com community to together find the best translation of a given term into a given language, and to incorporate the term and its translation into an authoritative glossary which will be made available openly under the Creative Commons "by" license ("CC-by").

    A secondary purpose of the new format is to provide opportunities for KudoZ participation (along with the associated benefits of networking, learning and professional differentiation), in pairs and fields in which few questions are currently asked.


  • 3.2 - How do glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) work?

    A glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) 'transaction' involves three steps:

    (1) Posting: A term is posted by an authorized person for translation into one or more pairs. A definition and one or more example sentences are included with the question. Notification of the GBK-type question is sent to interested and qualified site users.

    (2) "Speciality" stage: During the 72 hours following the posting, qualified parties are able to suggest translations including terms, definitions, example sentences and optionally references. These parties will also be able to post peer comments and grading on the answers provided.

    (3) At the end of the submission period the system will attempt to close the question. If successful, a notification will be sent to the person who posted the selected answer, 4 points will be assigned to that answer (unless the question was posted as not-for-points) and a glossary entry will be created and stored. If closing proves impossible, notifications will be sent to all interested and qualified parties and a "working" phase will last until the peer-grading received allows for the closure of the question.


  • 3.3 - Who can participate in the glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) questions?

    Participation in a GBK question, including answering, posting references and grading, is limited during the first 72 hours to site users who (1) Have the corresponding field(s) of expertise among their "speciality" fields. (2) Have the corresponding language pair or the reverse pair among their working ones. (3) Are native in either source or target languages.

    During the "working" phase (questions still open after the first 72-hours period) participation is extended to site users who satisfy the language pair and native language criteria and have the field of expertise among their working ones.

    All users can post discussion entries.


  • 3.4 - Why is the participation limited in glossary-building KudoZ?

    The purpose of the glossary-building KudoZ is to coordinate the efforts of willing members of the ProZ.com community in building up an authoritative glossary of terms and their translations in many languages and fields. With a focus on the quality of the resulting glossary entries and ample time for submission and selection of answers, it was decided to limit participation to specialists in the field and language pair.


  • 3.5 - Why are these limitations not applied to "help term" KudoZ as well?

    The main goal of "term help" KudoZ is to provide those in need of translation assistance with access to timely help. Therefore the access is open to allow the participation of anybody willing and able to help. The asker selects the most helpful among the responses received (and awards points for it).


  • 3.6 - What are the additional fields of expertise?

    A GBK has a main field of expertise and may have one or more additional fields of expertise. These additional field are also included in the filter (notifications and access to the question).

    For instance a question with primary field "telecommunications" may also be related to "computers: software" and to "Computers: systems, networks"

    This will be only related to notifications and access (and in the future to searches in the glossary). The corresponding KudoZ points will be assigned to the primary field.

    The additional fields are included in the GBK term searches.


  • 3.7 - I added in my profile the specialty field needed to answer a GBK question but I still can't answer it.

    Users who adds a new "specialty" field of expertise to their profiles will not be provided access to GBK filtered by this particular field for 72 hours after implementing this change. This aims to preventing users from modifying their profiles in order to "follow" the specialties requested in the questions.

    This restriction will not apply to profiles created less than a month ago.


  • 3.8 - How are GBK questions graded?

    At the end of the 72-hours submission phase (and periodically if the question entered in a selection phase) an 'auto-grading robot' makes its selection based on the net number of peer 'agrees' received by each answer, according to the following rules:
    * To be considered, an answer must have at least two "net agrees" (agrees minus disagrees).
    * The answer with the highest number of net agrees is selected.
    * If two answers have the same number of net agrees, the one posted by the answerer with the corresponding language pair ranked higher is selected.
    * If still undecided, the alternative entered latest is selected. The logic behind this criterion is that all those agreed to the second answer have seen the first one and still voted for the second, therefore preferring the second answer, while those that voted for the first one may not have seen the second answer when voted.


  • 3.9 - The submission period for a GBK question has ended and the question is still open. Can I still submit a translation?

    Yes. Answers can be posted during the "working" period, or even after the question has been closed.


  • 3.10 - Can I provide more than one answer as different options when answering a GBK question?

    Answerers in GBK can provide more than one answer to the same term, as this is the proper way to offer synonyms. In this case the example sentence(s) should include the term offered in each answer.


  • 3.11 - Can I post more than one term in my answer to a GBK question?

    No. Even if you know two or more different terms to answer a GBK question you should provide only one of them in your answer, the one used in the example sentence(s).

    If you know synonyms or other possible interpretations of the term asked besides the one you already offered in your answer, you can provide additional answer(s), each containing just a term, and with definition and example sentences related to that term.


  • 3.12 - Is it OK to to answer a GBK question suggesting the same term already offered in another answer?

    Yes. A GBK answer includes a term, a definition and at least one example sentence. The term is only a part of the answer, and it could happen that the second answer offering the same term includes, for instance, a better definition.

    Time should not play such a central role in GBK, where a better answer should be more relevant than a faster one.


  • 3.13 - I want (or do not want) to receive notifications about GBK questions, what should I do?

    You should un-check (check) the option "Ignore glossary-building questions " and click on "Save settings" in the KudoZ dashboard.


  • 3.14 - I want to receive only notifications about GBK questions, what should I do?

    You should select the option Asker type = "Glossary-building questions " in the KudoZ dashboard.


  • 3.15 - How are the GBK questions created?

    "Glossary-building KudoZ concepts" are selected from current KudoZ entries or from other sources, and are edited to make sure they have the proper terms, definitions and examples of use. This is currently being done in English, but other languages could be added later.

    This is being currently done by site staff, but in the future this task will be performed by site members who will be part of a "GBK (Glossary-building KudoZ) team".


  • 3.16 - There is no "neutral" option in the peer comments. How can I leave a comment to the answerer?

    If you are allowed to provide a peer-comment, then you should be able to post a note to the answerer by using the link provided at the bottom of the answer.



    The messages posted will be visible above the voting area of the question:


  • 3.17 - What is the "Glossary-building KudoZ questions" box displayed in the home page? Can I customize what I see there?

    Users who meet the criteria to answer GBK questions and have a minimum of 5 or 10 open questions available to answer (selectable) will be presented with a box displaying a randomly selected open question.

    Like many other home page features, users can select not to see this box, or customize its position by clicking the "customize" link on the feature or selecting
    "My ProZ.com" -> "My settings" -> "Site settings"



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  • 4 - Glossaries

  • 4.1 - How do I create a glossary?

    To add a new glossary to the My glossary section, just click on 'Enter terms' and complete the entry addition form. Note that in order to create a new glossary at least one term must be entered (and from this term the glossary will be created). If no glossary name is specified in the entry addition form, then the term will be added to your glossary but not to a specific one (i.e. no new glossary will be generated).


  • 4.2 - How do I add a term to a glossary?

    1. Go to your Profile
    2. Select "Enter Terms" under the Glossary heading (left column of Profile)


  • 4.3 - How do I upload an existing glossary?

    Only plain text, standard format glossary can be uploaded. Word documents, RTF files, or any format other than plain text will not work. The maximum allowed file size is 2MB. If you have a glossary file larger than 2MB, please break it up into smaller pieces.
    Note: Glossaries should be in the form:
    source termtarget termNotesURL

    (Notes and URL are optional.)

    1. Go to your profile
    2. Click on your name
    3. Select "Enter Terms" under Glossary
    4. Select "Upload your glossaries!" located at the bottom of the page.


  • 4.4 - How do I edit a glossary or an existing term?

    Note that these instructions apply only to terms in your personal glossaries. Terms in the site-wide KudoZ glossary can only be edited by a moderator. If you want to suggest a change to a term in the site-wide glossary, you can contact the appropriate moderator using the moderator list.

    To edit an existing term:

    1. Go to My Proz.com
    2. Click on My Glossary
    3. Click on the name of the glossary where the term is
    4. Click the term in question
    5. Click the 'Edit or add info to this term' at the bottom of the page
    6. Edit the existing information or add new information, and click the "Enter" button to save your changes

    To edit the name of a glossary:

    1. Go to My Proz.com
    2. Click on My Glossary
    3. Click on the [Rename] link, next to the glossary you want to edit


  • 4.5 - How can I rename a ProZ.com personal glossary?

    In the new site menu the "My glossary" section can be found if you mouseover your site name at the top of the screen and selecting the "My glossary" section under the "More" section of the drop down menu being displayed.

    If you are using the old site menu to rename a glossary you should:

    1. Go to My Proz.com

    2. Click on My Glossary

    3. Click on the [Rename] link, next to the glossary you want to edit.


  • 4.6 - Can I transfer my ProZ.com glossaries to my computer and/or print them?

    No, for the time being it is not possible to download or print your ProZ.com glossaries.


  • 4.7 - How do I move a term from one glossary to another?

    1. Go to your Profile page
    2. Click the name of the glossary where the term is
    3. Click the term in question
    4. Click the 'Edit or add info to this term' at the bottom of the page.
    5. There will now be a drop down list 'Your Glossary' that will allow you to change which glossary the term belongs to. You may move it to another glossary, or create a new glossary that the term will be added to.


  • 4.8 - How can I merge my glossaries?

    Please submit a support request informing which glossaries should be merged.


  • 4.9 - How can I send/receive glossaries through my profile?

    You can send and/or receive glossary files using the Send file (beta)... tool in profiles.

    You will find more information about the Send file (beta)... option here.


  • 4.10 - How can I remove an existing glossary?

    To remove a glossary you have created from the My glossary section, just click on "[Delete]" next to the glossary name in the "Glossaries" box at the top of the glossaries page. A message will show asking you to confirm the removal. Just click on 'Yes' so that your glossary is removed.


  • 4.11 - I cannot find my ProZ.com glossary at ProZ.com user glossaries page. What should I do?

    Please submit a support request, reporting the name of your glossary and the field you had selected for it. You may also specify the page used to add terms to your glossary in the support request.


  • 4.12 - Can I create a trilingual glossary?

    There is no such possibility. Only bilingual glossaries are possible.



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  • 5 - GlossPost

  • 5.1 - What is GlossPost?

    GlossPost is a searchable database of links to glossaries on the Internet. It has been compiled by members of ProZ.com and the YahooGroup of the same name created in February 2000 by Brazilian translator and conference interpreter Maria Eugenia Farre. The database is maintained by a group of volunteer moderators, however any ProZ.com member can search the database or submit new glossary URLs.


  • 5.2 - What are the goals driving GlossPost at ProZ.com?

    We have three main goals:

    - To create an online terminology resource with searching capabilities specifically designed for the needs of translators.
    - To enlarge the database by benefiting from the collaborative spirit of ProZ.com users.
    - To ensure the accessibility of GlossPost and honor the commitment of providing a free and useful resource for translators across the globe.


  • 5.3 - What are the possibilities created by the collaboration between GlossPost and ProZ.com?

    In brief: creating a larger database of glossary URLs, with addresses in more language combinations, annotated by translators. Since its inception, GlossPost has attracted mostly translators specializing in Western languages. Since ProZ.com is a huge multilingual community with active participants across the whole linguistic spectrum, we hope that translators of other languages will also feel compelled to add links to the glossaries they use in their daily work to the benefit of all.

    We also hope to contribute with the expertise acquired in moderating GlossPost to make the new site a useful and efficient online terminology resource.


  • 5.4 - How many links from the original GlossPost archives have been included?

    At launch, approximately 1,600 links from the archives have been included automatically. This doesn't cover the entire GlossPost original database, but there are plans to import more links in the future, as time permits.


  • 5.5 - Will the links in the GlossPost database at ProZ.com be checked to prevent dead pages and repeat URLs?

    In our new home at ProZ.com, we want to address all the concerns and issues that affected GlossPost subscribers in the past. Link rot is one of them, and we are not the only sufferers. The GlossPost URLs at ProZ.com will be checked periodically using an automated function to make sure that the database remains as current as possible. Also, manual editing of the URLs has been made possible. Links can be checked and marked good or bad, made invisible or visible to other users by the users themselves and also by the moderators. Incomplete entries can be supplemented by addition information from other users.


  • 5.6 - What are the searching capabilities included in the GlossPost database at ProZ.com?

    The searching capabilities have been greatly improved. At the new database, users will be able to browse the glossary URLs, search by keyword, language combination, discipline or BSO category. For obvious reasons, the ability to search by language combination was one of the most common requests received from GlossPost subscribers. A feature enabling automated announcements of glossary URLs in the language combinations specified by ProZ.com users is also being studied.


  • 5.7 - How can I contribute to the expansion of this glossary database?

    By posting the URLs of glossaries, dictionaries and other terminology resources you find on the web.

    You can also contribute to this initiative by editing and verifying the links included in the database (this option may or may not be available, depending on your site activity level). Also, since the project has just been kicked off, it will be extremely valuable to get as much feedback as possible about the design and results the searchers are getting. Please send your feedback to support.


  • 5.8 - What is the posting procedure?

    The posting form can be found here.

    The fields are:

    URL: enter the URL for the resource (glossary, terminology database or dictionary)
    Title: enter a title for the resource, e.g. Hydrology Glossary or Dog Breeds or Turkish Language Dictionary
    Source: enter the source for the resource, e.g. Unicode.org or Association of Dog Breeders of America or Academie Francaise
    Comment: enter useful comments pertaining to the URL, e.g. "reliable translations", "single-page glossary", "downloadable as .pdf", "watch your step, contains typos".
    Source Language: select the source language(s) from the list. If many languages are included, as is commonly the case with EU resources, you can select the All/Many languages radio button.
    Target Language: select the target language(s) from the list. If many languages are included, as is commonly the case with EU resources, you can select the All/Many languages radio button.
    Disciplines: select one or more disciplines, as you would when submitting a KudoZ question.
    BSO Category: select one or more BSO categories

    When you have completed the fields you want to add, press the Submit button. It's not necessary to fill in all the fields, but if possible, try to fill in as many as you can. This will help us build a better database and enable you to get more precise results in the future. Note, however, that some fields are mandatory and marked with a * for your convenience. Your entry will not be vetted before you have completed the mandatory fields.


  • 5.9 - In what language should I post?

    The GlossPost moderator suggests and encourages users to post in English. However, we realize that this may not always be possible, due to multiculturalism considerations. Comments in other languages are considered OK, but for the benefit of all and better search results, try to include at least a few words in English in the keyword field and/or give a title to the glossary in English.


  • 5.10 - As a ProZ.com user, will I get any benefits from posting glossaries?

    Yes! Members will be awarded 10 browniz points for each URL submitted, and 5 browniz points for each edited entry. The name of the poster and editor will be acknowledged when URLs are displayed.


  • 5.11 - How can I report bugs or send suggestions?

    Feedback is always welcome. Please send an e-mail to support.


  • 5.12 - What will happen to the GlossPost list at Yahoogroups?

    The GlossPost list at Yahoogroups will be eventually phased out and replaced by the new resource at ProZ.com. For the time being, however, it will continue to run under the moderatorship of Maria Eugenia Farre. There will also be some forwarding of links from GlossPost at Yps and the Translator Resources Forum to GlossPost at ProZ.com. However, GlossPost subscribers and Translator Resources Forum users are encouraged to post their new finds to GlossPost at ProZ.com.


  • 5.13 - Where can I learn more about the history of GlossPost?

    This interview with GlossPost creator Maria Eugenia Farre contains more information on the list's history.



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  • 6 - Wikiwords

  • 6.1 - What is Wikiwords?

    Wikiwords is a collaborative project to create a dictionary of all terms in all languages with definitions and example sentences. More information about this initiative can be found here: http://www.proz.com/wikiwords?pg=about


  • 6.2 - How is Wikiwords affiliated with ProZ.com?

    Wikiwords was created and maintained by ProZ.com. However, active support for this service is no longer offered by ProZ.com staff.


  • 6.3 - What should I do if I can't find a term in Wikiwords?

    If you can't find a term in Wikiwords, try using the ProZ.com term search or ask a KudoZ question.



  • Main - Top


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